The Top Causes of Global Poverty

Poverty results from the uneven distribution of wealth and material resources. It can be defined as a condition that is characterized by the lack of basic resources which are essential for survival such as shelter, food, and clothing. Income level is also used to determine poverty.

Globally, poverty levels differ in different regions, with developed countries registering the lowest levels of poverty amongst citizens. People in poverty-stricken areas, aside from lacking basic needs, also lack access to education, clean water, and healthcare. The following is a detailed discussion of the top causes of global poverty.


 Warfare leads to loss of lives, property, destruction of infrastructure and resources. Due to war, families lose breadwinners and can no longer afford food, education and other basic needs. One of the most apparent result of warfare is reduced productivity which in turn, leads to shortage of resources.

On a global scale, a warring countries continues to languish in poverty as they are no longer attractive to investors, and this robs citizens of quality of life. Most of the developing countries in the world have at some point experienced war or political unrest.

Discrimination and social inequality

Discrimination is almost everywhere. It starts all the way from geoblocking, which you can use VPN dialogs to bypass in order to access a website to racism. People suffer discrimination for various reasons. It could be their race, age, region and even gender. Discrimination causes poverty as people are denied opportunities, access to resources, information and social services. This leads to certain groups only being privileged, and others denied the privileges hence poverty.

Natural disasters

Natural disasters have been enemies of development. Earthquakes, hurricanes, and other calamities leave people homeless; others lose lives and also destroy structures. Droughts also weigh down the economy of most countries denying its citizens food and water. The worst part is that most of the developing countries lack the resources to combat such calamities.


Corruption and decentralization is yet another cause of poverty, in that, political leaders fail to delegate power evenly leading to neglect. In most corrupt countries, political leaders not only neglect their duties but also use funds meant for development for their own gains.

Poverty denies people quality health care, food, shelter, education, and economic opportunities. In most countries, the cycle of poverty is likely to continue unless there is outside intervention.